The BNRCC project’s technical work is organized into four components while each component is to be headed by a Team Leader. They are as follows:
• Adaptation Research component
• Pilot Project Component
• Adaptation Policy Component
• Communications, Outreach and Networking Component
Adaptation Research Component
The understanding of vulnerability to climate change and the strategies and pathways for adaptation are currently enveloped in high uncertainties, particularly in developing countries where adequate scientific data is lacking in many respects. Research is needed to support improved understanding of the extent of past, current and future climate variability and potential climate change in Nigeria, as a basis for developing adaptation options likely to ensure that poor and disadvantaged groups benefit from the adaptation process rather than bearing the burdens.
The strategic research programmes presented below are the focus of BNRCC:
• Improved understanding of the key drivers of climate variability and climate change
• Improved computer models of climate variability and change
• Assessment of vulnerability and impacts, including social and economic vulnerability
• Assessment of the scenarios and framework for adaptation to biophysical impacts
• Assessment of options for adaptation (including gender dimensions)
• Development of a national climate change information/data system (NCCIDS).
Pilot Projects Component
The goal of community-based adaptation (CBA) projects is to increase resilience of communities by enhancing their capacity to cope with climate change impacts. Pilot projects at the community level can provide lessons that reflect unique local circumstances. They can guide policies and projects so as to enhance the capacities of males and females to respond to the effects of climate change and reduce possible impacts upon their livelihoods. They can also provide lessons from which development organizations and local communities can learn.
This component is focusing upon vulnerability reduction (options to reduce vulnerability of general population and high risk groups including women) and adaptation (options for adapting including better preparedness, awareness, empowerment and livelihood options) by establishing projects that consist of the following elements:
• Community situation assessment (current vulnerabilities, risks, impacts, adaptive capacity, adaptive practices, gender assessment, culture, community structure, etc.)
• Community needs assessment (awareness of and response to current climate variability and expected climate change)
• Implementation of an integrated community response or implementation of specific technologies or economic development initiatives.
The pilot projects are involving a mix of community scales, including small and large communities, and urban areas. Typically, BNRCC support is available for a period of approximately two years, but project design emphasizes sustainability of benefits after the period of BNRCC support.
Adaptation Policy Component
Numerous policies related to environment and climate does exist in Nigeria covering several sectors such as environment, energy, agriculture, health and sanitation, housing and urban development, and gender. However, many of these policies were formulated solely by the federal government using the top-down approach. Furthermore, there is lack of proper coordination between these policies and sectors, which has limited the focus on climate change adaptation. A National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy could help address this situation by guiding the integration of climate change adaptation into government policies, strategies, and programmes, with particular focus on the most vulnerable groups.
The BNRCC approach to address policy gaps encompasses both immediate and longer term policy-oriented activity:
• In the short term, BNRCC will support selected activities designed to promote early steps towards mainstreaming climate change adaptation into government policies, strategies, and programmes.
• In the longer term, BNRCC will support the development of a National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy that will encourage and support integration of climate change adaptation into government policies, strategies, and programmes, including NEEDS and SEEDS.
Communication, Outreach and Networking Component
The effective promotion of access to information on vulnerabilities, impacts and adaptation to climate change represents an indispensable element in building Nigeria’s national response to climate change. Effective information dissemination and networking (in the right format, quality and language) enhances people’s knowledge …